Spectacularly beautiful islands along Tanzania's coast of the tropical western Indian Ocean include Mafia, Mbudya, Zanzibar, Mnemba and Pemba. These coastal waters are characterised by exceptionally high marine biodiversity, with magnificent coral reefs and other biotopes. Coastal villagers are the custodians of these ecosystems, utilising the resources for their own food security and incomes. Their traditional wisdom and stewardship are key aspects of ecological and social sustainability. In recent years, this exceptional marine biodiversity has attracted growing numbers of tourists, conservationists and researchers from all over the world. Tourism and conservation may have beneficial effects, however, if practiced badly, they...
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